solar energy inverter Geothermal Heating and Cooling Systems

by:KEBO      2019-09-05
Geothermal energy is an ecological energy source.Friendly energy for many applications, especially for heating and cooling systems.Over the years, it has proved to be very reliable and costly to useefficient.
According to Bob Donley, customer support manager at GeoSystems LLC, there are about 100,000 geothermal heat pumps in the United States each year.He also said, "in 2008 alone, the interest of homeowners increased by 40%.It is clear that interest in geothermal systems is increasing.
Geothermal heating and refrigeration systems are widely used in many industrial and home applications around the world.The source of this energy lies in the interior of our planet, the solar energy received on the surface, and also because of the decomposition of mineral wealth deep in the Earth.There are several ancient remains and evidence of the use of geothermal heating systems.These can be traced back to the ancient civilization of the Indian River basin, the Roman Empire, and later the prosperous period of civilization.At present, its main purpose is to generate electricity.
Globally, most of the applications that operate on electricity generated by these systems are used for space heating, desalination engineering, agriculture and heating services, spas, regeneration centers, etc.This requires the installation of the system, which can be implemented in different ways.The ground under our feet is a great source of geothermal energy.The same conclusion can be reached through certain devices.The installation requirements of these systems are as follows.
The geothermal heat pump is a very complex system that controls the entire heating and cooling process.The pumping machinery is mainly composed of pipes, compressor sets, air treatment devices, heat exchanger equipment, connector elbows, refrigerant mixtures, etc.The pumping system mainly studies the cyclic properties of the refrigerant, as well as the absorption and release of heat by the refrigerant.More than 1 million geothermal heat pumps have been installed worldwide.This was first produced by an Austrian inventor named Peter von Rittenger in 1855 and based on the description provided by Lord Kelvin in 1853.Geothermal heating and refrigeration systems are roughly divided into two categories: closed loop and open loop.
These systems work on the basis of a continuous cycle of pipes or pipes running under the ground.In this type, the pipes that deliver refrigerant liquids extend from the ground to the cabinet housing or compressor unit.The second loop is mainly located below the groundwater level and can also be submerged in water bodies if possible.The reason is that heat can be absorbed or released in water bodies more effectively than solid ground.This pipe can be made of polyethylene or related synthetic materials.The refrigerant can consist of a mixture of water, propylene alcohol and methanol.
With the help of the heat exchanger unit, as well as the expansion tank and the pumping safety valve, the heat exchange between the two circuits is possible.The size of the cycle basically depends on the moisture content in the rock, and also on the type of soil in which the system is being established in the area.A closed efficiencyThe loop system is less than the open system, so the whole process requires longer pipes to improve the quality of the hot air or cold air provided.
The system includes the high cost of digging the entire unit to lay the ground.
There are three main sub-types of closed systems.
If there is a large area near the house, horizontal circulation can be used.A wide network of pipes can be placed directly below the ground and below the frost cover.As long as there is enough excavation space, a complex network of horizontal circular pipes can be used.The spiral loop is another change of this type, in which the pipe travels in a spiral way rather than in a straight line.This technology is notCommercial construction sites are much less expensive than vertical drilling.The Slinky approach involves placing pipes in layers of mutual winding, thus saving space and increasing the efficiency of heat absorption.It is recommended to place the pipe unit at a shallow depth in order to better absorb the heat from the rock formations of the sun.In the winter, stored heat is very helpful for providing instant warm air in the house.
If there is a limit on the land owned, the vertical loop can solve this problem.In this type, the pipes go deep into the depths of the land in a vertical way.Pipes are connected by U-shapedSo bend at the bottom and finish the cycle.They are connected by a horizontal pipe section located in the upper part, which is further connected to the air processor and compressor unit.A well or drill is filled with a material called grouting.It helps to effectively transfer heat from rock to pipe, and can also prevent the destruction of the aquifer due to pollution from the source of pollution.Another advantage of this material is that it reduces the impact of well flooding that occurs mainly during the monsoon season.The cost of installing these pipes exceeds the level loop, as it takes a lot of effort to install.However, even a small area is sufficient to achieve this, and the heating efficiency is the same as that of the horizontal loop.
If there is a natural pond or a pit large enough in the area near your home, this may prove to be a big advantage in installing these systems.In this method, the cycle is put into the pond and filled with liquid to sink the pipe below.This can be achieved by connecting them to the frame and sinking it below the pond water level.It is only possible if the pond or water source meets the conditions required for sufficient water depth, mass and volume to be set up in this way.In most cases, the pipe rings are set at about 10 feet below the water level as they can freeze in the winter.
The working mechanism of these systems is completely contrary to the working mechanism of the closed system.system type.It is also known as a groundwater heat pump, which uses two separate water bodies for each pipe loop.The water is pumped into the heat pump from a well-like body of water and cycled through the cabinet unit.Depending on the season, when hot air or cold air is provided within a building or house, the primary loop brings water into another body of water, such as wells, ponds, reservoirs, etc.Install an OpenCirculation systems are desirable only in areas where there is a large number of water bodies, which are mainly composed of clean water.
Therefore, in this system, two separate sources are used for both tasks: (I) addition and subtraction of heat from the supplied water and subsequent air transfer;And (ii) disposal of used water supply.
In these systems, like two adjacent wells, two or more water sources are required.This technology uses the combination of heat sources,So, the name of the hybrid system.If they do not exist between each other, the temperature balance will not be maintained, as both wells need to replenish and discharge heat according to the season.The water is drawn from the part near the rock bed of one of the wells for delivery to the heat pump.Depending on the season, the heat is subtracted or increased, and the remaining water is transferred back to the upper part of the well.The water then goes back to the rock bed to get heat from solid rocks and minerals.This system can be said to be an open variation.loop type.
Now, especially in the summer, the building does not require additional water heat and can be stored in the well.The temperature of the water column rises, at which point adjacent wells can act as coolant.By drilling between the two wells, the cold water from the second well can be compared with the already-Therefore, heating the water column forms a way to supply cool air during the summer.Alternatively, additional heat stored can be used in winter.
The boundary under the house or building is called a hotline, and geothermal energy will continue to increase according to the thermal gradient.Depending on the type of system (on or off), the pipe is placed on this line accordingly.In the House, the whole geothermal pumping unit is installed together with the compressor cabinet and the air handling unit.Through the first-class pipeline circuit, the hot refrigerant is pumped into the ground and the ground is in contact with the underground rock.

The temperature of the underground rock is less than that of the atmosphere;i.e., it is cooler.The heat of the refrigerant is dispersed and absorbed by the ground, causing its temperature to drop.This cooler liquid is taken to the geothermal unit in the house.The warm normal air in the house is in contact with this liquid and cooled down.This cold air is then supplied to the interior of the house.The warm refrigerant is pumped into the ground again through the compressor unit, and the process is repeated until the optimum temperature is reached.

The opposite will occur.The underground temperature is higher than the atmospheric temperature, because the ground stored heat last summer.The refrigerant is pumped through the primary coil under the hotline and is heated due to the high temperature around it.This warm refrigerant is transferred from the surface to the geothermal unit set up inside the building.This liquid heats the air flowing into the house, and the air is received from inside the house through a separate vent, thus forming warm air.Then provide this air in the House to keep warm during the cold winter months.
Geothermal energy is one of the most important sources of renewable energy.It is used not only for heating and cooling, but also for power generation.
In the case of providing warm and cool air flow for homes and buildings, these systems are a good option to reduce the ecological footprint against running air conditioners and central heating equipment on fossil fuels.
As a 10 thousand foolproof system, it is not affected by any major obstacles that undermine the working mechanism.
Compared to machines running from traditional sources, the quality and quantity of the output is better.
This is a single-Time input, timely maintenance, can make geothermal heat pumps run for decades.
By controlling the amount of refrigerant used, it is possible to simply change the temperature required inside the house.
Additional heat can be stored when openedloop systems.
Due to the inherent heat of the Earth itself and the resulting geothermal gradient, this is the main heat source that will not run out as long as our planet exists.

Geothermal energy is a popular alternative energy source for heating and cooling purposes, making it possible for smart and eco-friendly buildingsfriendly homes.
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